What is an F1b Cockapoo?
Each Cockapoo generation is going to be slightly different in terms of coat type, hypoallergenic features, and being nonshedding. Since the Cockapoo is a crossbreed dog between the Cocker Spaniel and the Poodle, the amount of genetics that the Cockapoo receives from the Cocker Spaniel versus the Poodle is going to have a significant impact on what your dog looks like. Cocker Spaniels are very different from Poodles in terms of shedding, pet allergies, and personality.
Cockapoo Genes: The Basics
At the most basic definition, a Cockapoo is the result of an American Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle or an English Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle that are crossbred.
Many different combinations of potential parents and grandparents result in slightly different dogs, or what are known in the dog breeding industry as generations.
With some breeds, the specific generation a dog belongs to will not have a tremendous effect on their appearance and personality.
This is not the case with Cockapoos, since Cocker Spaniels and Poodles are inherently and genetically quite different from one another.
Some of the most prevalent Cockapoo generations are:
- F1: A Cockapoo whose parents are a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle
- F1B: An F1 Cockapoo backcrossed to a 100% Poodle (sometimes backcrossed to a 100% Cocker Spaniel).
- F2: A Cockapoo whose parents are two F1 Cockapoos
- F3: A Cockapoo whose parents are two F2 Cockapoos
- F4: A Cockapoo whose parents are two F3 Cockapoos
The FX generations of Cockapoo can go on infinitely, in theory. In the dog breeding industry, the letter F stands for Filial Hybrid, which recognizes that these are not purebred dogs.
The number stands for the generation, with 1 being the first generation, 2 being the second generation, and so on.
You will see some Cockapoo crossbreeds with a letter in their breed name as well, such as the F1B Cockapoo that is covered in this article.
The B stands for “Backcross,” meaning that the dog’s parents are an F1 Cockapoo or a purebred Poodle or Cocker Spaniel. In most cases, Cockapoos are backcrossed with Poodles for their hypoallergenic benefits.
This means that a typical F1B Cockapoo’s genetic makeup will be 25% Cocker Spaniel and 75% Poodle.
It is also possible for a Cockapoo generation to have multiple Bs, such as an F1BB, which means that the breeder has backcrossed the dogs twice.
It is less common to see, but you also may come across an F2B or a second-generation Cockapoo who has been crossbred back with a purebred parent.
When deciding which generation of Cockapoo is right for you, make sure you look for a reputable breeder who you trust and who is transparent about their ethics and breeding practices.
With a non-ethical breeder, you will likely not have to pay as much for a Cockapoo puppy upfront. However, you may have higher costs down the line.
Dogs not only crossbred but inbred tend to suffer from more severe health issues caused by unnatural genetic patterns.
It is for this reason that early generation Cockapoos, such as the F1B, are some of the healthiest and most desirable breeds.
These letter and number combinations are used across the board in the dog breeding industry and will help you recognize the genetic history of any kind of purebred or crossbred dog.
The F1B Cockapoo (75% Poodle, 25% Cocker Spaniel) is a cross between an F1 Cockapoo (50% Poodle & 50% Cocker Spaniel) and a purebred line which is either a 100% Poodle or 100% Cocker Spaniel. A breeder will almost always choose to backcross breed with a Poodle dog because they don’t and pet allergy-friendly. Since this is a backcrossed dog, we call it an F1B Cockapoo.
An F1B Cockapoo is 75% Poodle and 25% Cocker Spaniel by genetic makeup. The F1B is one of the most popular generations of Cockapoo because they are mostly hypoallergenic and nonshedding. Most of the breeders that claim to breed Cockapoos that don’t shed and are allergy-friendly are going to be F1B Cockapoos.
With the F1B Cockapoo, there are some distinct genetic traits that you will notice in your dog. First, F1B Cockapoos will almost always have a wavy or curly coat that is inherited from the Poodle. This means that it is very unlikely to shed fur all over the place. This also implies that your dog is going to be more hypoallergenic than a Cockapoo with a straight coat. The downside of a nonshedding coat is that you will have to regularly groom your Cockapoo with dog clippers or take them to the groomers every 6 to 12 weeks.
Secondly, F1B Cockapoos are likely to inherit the personality and temperament of a Poodle. It’s likely that they will have longer legs, have tons of energy, and need to be regularly exercised. If an F1B Cockapoo isn’t regularly exercised or mentally stimulated, they will get bored and engage in destructive behavior around the house.
Lastly, F1B Cockapoos gain a little bit of the health benefits from being Hybrid Vigor. This generation of Cockapoo is usually going to be healthier than any of the purebred parent dogs. An F1B is technically the “2nd” generation Cockapoo so it does lose some characteristics of Hybrid Vigor. With each passing generation of offspring, the amount of hybrid vigor decreases.
F1B Cockapoo Characteristics
- Coat Type: Wavy or curly.
- Non-shedding: Non-shedding coat.
- Hypoallergenic: Hypoallergenic.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but not as much as an F1 Cockapoo.
F1B Cockapoo Care Needs
This section will cover some of the basic requirements that an F1B Cockapoo will need from its future family.
Use this information to determine how one of these pups will fit into your current lifestyle or what adjustments you will need to make to accommodate their needs.
What Kind of Grooming Routine Is Best For An F1B Cockapoo?
F1B Cockapoos are one of the most popular Cockapoo generations new dog owners look for when they are checking out breeders and puppies.
One of the main reasons for their popularity is because of the hypoallergenic coats they inherit from their Poodle parents and grandparents!
While no dog is 100% hypoallergenic, Poodles (and thus their F1B Cockapoo offspring) are known for being great pets for people with allergies.
They are unlikely to shed all over your house, clothes, and furniture, which is a crucial benefit for many families.
However, because they don’t shed, F1B Cockapoos require regular trips to the groomer to keep their coats and their skin at their healthiest. They will need haircuts roughly every 6-12 weeks, depending on how long you like to keep their fur.
An overgrown coat will carry a lot more dirt and debris can develop mats, which are uncomfortable for your pup and are a pain for you to remove.
How Much Exercise Does An F1B Cockapoo Need?
F1B Cockapoo puppies do not require as much exercise as their adult counterparts.
Like all puppies, they will tend to be hyperactive, and the best way to manage this energy is with shorter and more frequent bouts of exercise, including walks and playtime.
As your F1B Cockapoo grows up, it will require more activity to stay physically and mentally healthy. Most F1B Cockapoos need at least an hour of exercise per day, and most dogs benefit when this time is split into two 30-minute sessions.
Cockapoos are flexible with what kind of exercise they get, and ideally, they will have a variety of different activities to keep them socialized and stimulated throughout the week.
It can be nice to go for a walk around your neighborhood, but the same routine will get dull day after day.
To mix it up, you can take your Cockapoo to a dog park so they can romp and play with other dogs. Cockapoos also do well in homes that have a fenced-in backyard where they can run around and play games like fetch.
Since their genetics are around 75% Poodle, Cockapoos are also highly intelligent dogs. They do well with dog agility and sports that will challenge their minds as well as their bodies!
What Kind of Diet Should An F1B Cockapoo Eat?
Obesity is a growing health issue in the American population, and the same is true for their animals. It can be tempting to indulge your pets with extra treats when their puppy dog eyes are begging for more.
But it’s essential to keep all pets, including F1B Cockapoos, on relatively strict diets that will ensure their long-term health and longevity.
Like all dogs, the amount of food an F1B Cockapoo needs is dependent on its size and how active they are throughout the day. They can eat dry kibble, wet food, or a combination of the two.
Be sure to consult your veterinarian and carefully read the dog food packaging to ensure that it contains all the essential vitamins and nutrients your dog needs.
Do F1B Cockapoos Have Any Genetic Health Concerns?
As a mixed breed, Cockapoos have a genetic advantage that protects them against many hereditary health issues that are more likely to show up in purebred dogs.
This vitality is known as “Hybrid Vigor,” and it means that hybrid puppies are more likely to be healthier than purebred parents because of a more diverse gene pool.
F1B Cockapoos are technically the second generation because of how they have been back bred and, as such, lose a bit of this protective hybrid vigor.
One of the most common health issues that an F1B Cockapoo might face is hip dysplasia.
This condition is prevalent in both the Poodle and Cocker Spaniel parent breeds and occurs when the ball of the hip does not fit correctly into the socket, leading to joint pain and decreased mobility.
By keeping your dog active and at an appropriate weight throughout their life, you reduce the risk of them developing joining issues, including hip dysplasia.
Other genetic issues that Cockapoos are known for include eye diseases such as glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy. They are also predisposed to Von Willebrand Disease, which affects the blood’s ability to clot.
While the idea of your dog being sick is a frightening thought, it’s essential to consider the risks and whether you will be able to afford treatment for any of these conditions later in your pet’s life.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are F1B Cockapoos curlier?
Yes, F1B Cockapoos are curlier than other Cockapoos. F1B Cockapoos are 75% poodle; they tend to inherit their curly coats rather than a Cocker Spaniel’s wavy or straight coat. These curly coats tend to shed less (or not at all), making them the ideal dog for someone with allergies.
While these can be curlier than F1 or second-generation Cockapoos, there is still a chance that F1B Cockapoos can have a straight or wavy coat. It isn’t common but does happen occasionally. The curl will often be looser or on the wavy side compared to the tight curl we usually associate with Poodles.
If the Poodle used wasn’t purebred, then there’s a chance the F1B Cockapoo won’t be curlier than other Cockapoos. When purchasing your F1B Cockapoo from a reputable seller, it isn’t common for your Cockapoo to have wavy or straight hair.
Be sure to do your research beforehand to ensure that you purchase the Cockapoo from a reputable seller that has the dog’s interests and health at heart. If you have a rescue Cockapoo, sometimes the vets can help chart their ancestry and help establish what kind of Cockapoo you have.
If you aren’t sure, though, generally, Cockapoos with tighter curls will be an F1B Cockapoo. F1B Cockapoos are usually larger to and with longer legs, which can help identify them from other Cockapoos. They will also have higher energy levels and need exercise and mental stimulation to keep themselves healthy and happy.
How Long Do F1b Cockapoos Live?
On average, F1b Cockapoos live for 10 to 15 years however this depends on the size of the breed. Smaller versions of the F1b Cockapoo such as the F1b Toy Cockapoo and F1b Miniature Cockapoo live slightly longer than the F1b Standard Cockapoo. This is because smaller dog breeds tend to have longer life expectancies.
Are F1b Cockapoos Hypoallergenic?
Yes, F1b Cockapoos are hypoallergenic and are even more hypoallergenic than an F1 Cockapoo. This is because the Cockapoo inherits their hypoallergenic nature from the Poodle and F1b Cockapoos have a higher percentage of Poodle genes.
F1b Cockapoos are hypoallergenic because they only release a minimal amount of dander (dead skin cells) into their surroundings when they shed and they don’t shed much to start with.
How Much Are F1b Cockapoos?
The price of an F1b Cockapoo highly depends on the size of the dog. Smaller versions of the F1b Cockapoo such as the F1b Toy Cockapoo and F1b Miniature Cockapoo are slightly more expensive than the F1b Standard Cockapoo as they are in higher demand.
Additionally, as F1b Cockapoos are more hypoallergenic than F1 Cockapoos and are not as common as F1 Cockapoos, you may expect their prices to be roughly $100 to $200 more than F1 Cockapoos.
- F1b Toy Cockapoos cost between $2600USD and $5100USD
- F1b Miniature Cockapoos costs between $2100USD and $4600USD
- F1b Standard Cockapoos costs between $2100USD and $4600USD
When Do F1b Cockapoos Stop Growing?
On average, F1b Cockapoos stop growing between 10 and 14 months of age however it depends on the size of the breed – whether they are toy, miniature or standard sized.
- Toy F1b Cockapoos stop growing between 9 and 12 months of age.
- Miniature F1b Cockapoos stop growing between 10 and 14 months of age.
- Standard F1b Cockapoos stop growing between 12 and 18 months of age.
There you have it! This guide to the F1B Cockapoo has covered everything you need to know about this unique generation of the breed, from genetics and hereditary traits, to how you can expect them to look, behave, and fit into your family’s lifestyle.